Longjia: An archaic Sinitic language

le mardi 25 octobre 2022 de 16h à 18h à l’EHESS (salle AS1_08), 1er sous-sol, 54 boulevard Raspail 75006 Paris.
La conférence sera également accessible en ligne.
Code d’accès: 795446
Andreas Hölzl, chercheur postdoctoral en linguistique au centre de recherches collaboratives Limits of Variability in Language: Cognitive, computational and grammatical aspects (SFB 1287) de l’Université de Potsdam, professeur invité à l’EHESS
Longjia is an extinct Sino-Tibetan language formerly spoken in Guizhou, Southwest China (Hölzl 2021a). During the 20th century, the speakers have undergone language shift to Southwestern Mandarin. Longjia exhibits similarities to the extinct Luren language (Hölzl 2021b) and Caijia (e.g., Bo 2004, Lü 2020). Preliminary evidence suggests that all three languages could be peripheral varieties of Sinitic that might prove crucial for a better understanding of the history of the entire language family (e.g., Lee 2022).Despite its importance, the nature of the Longjia language hitherto remained unknown because of the limited number of available sources (e.g., Duan & Zhang 2008: 3057-3059). This talk reports the rediscovery of extensive handwritten field notes from the 1980s that, for the first time, allow a comprehensive analysis of this valuable language (Zhang & Ji 1982, Hölzl 2021a). This talk presents results from an ongoing attempt to write a Grammar of Longjia based on these unique materials.The first part gives a brief overview of the available data and how they can be used for descriptive and typological research. The second part presents preliminary evidence that Longjia, Caijia, and Luren are probably genetically related. The third part presents a thumbnail sketch of the language, including  aspects of the phonology (e.g., the tone system, prenasalization), and the morphosyntax (e.g., unusual word order features). The study concludes with avenues for further research, including prospects for a comprehensive  typological comparison of Longjia with Caijia and other Sinitic languages or the area, such as Waxiang.
ReferencesBo, Wenze 薄文泽. 2004. Caijiahua gaikuang 蔡家话概况. Minzu Yuwen 民族语文 2, 68-81.Duan, Ling 段伶 & Zhang Xinglian 张杏莲. 2008. Yunnan, guizhou, hunan baizuqige yuyan diaocha ziliao 云南贵州湖南白族七个语言调查资料. In Xu Lin 徐琳 (ed.), Dali congshu: baiyu pian 大理丛书:白语篇, vol. 4, 2902-3076. Kunming: Yunnan minzu chubanshe.Hölzl, Andreas. 2021a. Longjia (China): Language Contexts. Language Documentation and Description 20. 13-34.Hölzl, Andreas. 2021b. The Lu(ren) languages of Guizhou, China. 9th International Constrastive Linguistics Conference (ICLC 9), 2021.05.20–21, Santa Margherita-Portofino.Lee, Man Hei. 2022. Phonological features of Caijia that are notable from a diachronic perspective. Journal of Historical Linguistics https://doi.org/10.1075/jhl.21025.leeLü, Shanshan. 2020. A reference grammar of Caijia. An unclassified language of Guizhou, China. Paris: EHESS. (Doctoral dissertation.)Zhang, Jimin 张济民 & Li Juewei 李珏伟. 1982. Yuyan diaocha dagang: dafang longjiayu 语言调查大纲: 大方龙家语. (Unpublished field notes.)

Rechercher dans OpenEdition Search

Vous allez être redirigé vers OpenEdition Search